There are various kinds of medical robots established within the field of robotics. These robotics have different functions to resolve the needs of the various fields of medicine.
Types of Medical Robots
Surgical robotics— Surgeries assisted by robotics are established to reduce invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the capabilities of cosmetic surgeons who are performing open surgery. Instead of holding instruments in their hands, surgeons can utilize one or more ways of managing the instruments. One method is utilizing a direct telemanipulator or managing the instrument utilizing a computer system. The telemanipulator enables the surgeon to perform the normal jobs related to surgery, helped by the robotic arms that perform the movements with making use of end-effectors and manipulators. In the computer-controlled systems, the surgeon, through a computer, controls the robotic arms and its end-effectors.
The advantage of computer-controlled system is that the cosmetic surgeon can be in another place, or miles far from the client and still perform remote surgical treatment. Surgical robots make open surgical treatment much easier for surgeons and more comfortable for patients. They can get rid of or lessen injury on the tissues that are impacted by open surgical treatment such as rib spreading.
Telerobotics— Teleoperation works like a remote control. It is an operation of a machine from a range by a human operator. It is commonly referred to as a telerobot. The command action of the controlling operator must represent the actions designed in the device controlled. It has two major elements, specifically the visual and control applications. The visual application consists of a remote video camera that supplies a graph of exactly what the robot has in its view.
Rehabilitation Robots— This kind of robotic allows and supports the lives of elderly people, the sick and those with inefficient body parts in their motions. Robotic devices are created to assist various sensory and motor functions such as the arms, legs, and hands. This robot can efficiently help in the rehabilitation of people who are struggling with motor impairments, like those who have suffered stroke.
Biorobots— It is called a theoretical discipline of genetic modification where organisms are created and designed through synthetic ways. An example of this is the creation of life from non-living matter. It is called biorobotics.
Pharmacy Automation– This type of robots helps in giving oral solids in retail pharmacies or preparing sterile IV admixtures in the pharmacy of the health center.